The Cultural Landscape of Mugamba
Mugamba region is located in the water divide zone for Congo and Nile Rivers’ systems. Habitations are scattered across this region. Given low temperatures of the area, you still find in this corner thatched houses, which enable the residents to protect themselves against cold especially at night. The houses are surrounded by bamboo hedges, straw roofed and painted in red and kaolin. The relief of this region is mainly made of plateau.
These dwellings testify to the adaptation of a population in its natural living milieu. The building materials are characteristic of the region; they are essentially bamboo, wheat straw, etc. characteristic to the region. That is the exploitation of local materials in the building. The houses found in this region are quite different from the Burundian traditional dwellings. The latter were completely covered in thatch. With modernity, these houses have changed their format. This kind of dwellings resembles much the constructions met in Ethiopia around the lake Wenchi. They were also found in Rwanda.
For BURUNDIDES, the most interesting part of this dwelling zone is situated along the national road no.7, after the urban centre of Ijenda, where the tourist will find it difficult to choose between taking views either near the road or on the large vista covering all the hills that endlessly stretch out. This route also leads to the source of the Nile, thermal springs of Muhweza, Karera waterfalls and Nyakazu rift.