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Burundi Bwiza II


Administrative Division


Burundi is divided into 16 provinces including Bujumbura City and 116 communes. Each province is administrated by a Governor and each commune by an Administrator. It should be noted that Bujumbura City is administrated by a Mayor.

Provinces
Communes
Bubanza
Bubanza, Gihanga, Mpanda, Musigati, Rugazi.
Bujumbura city
Buyenzi, Bwiza, Cibitoke, Gihosha, Kamenge, Kanyosha, Kinama, Kinindo, Musaga, Ngagara, Nyakabiga, Rohero, .
Bujumbura rural
Isale, Kabezi, Kanyosha, Mubimbi, Mugongo-Manga, Muhuta, Bugarama, Mutambu, Mutimbuzi.
Bururi
Burambi, Bururi, Buyengero. Matana, Mugamba, Rumonge, Rutovu, Songa, Vyanda.
Cankuzo
Cankuzo, Cendajuru, Gisagara, Kigamba, Mishiha.
Cibitoke
Buganda, Bukinanyana, Mabayi, Mugina, Murwi, Rugombo
Gitega
Bugendana, Bukirasazi, Buraza, Giheta, Gishubi, Nyarusange, Gitega, Itaba, Makebuko, Mutaho, Ryansoro.
Karusi
Bugenyuzi, Buhiga, Gihogazi, Gitaramuka, Mutumba, Nyabikere, Shombo.
Kayanza
Butaganzwa, Gahombo, Gatara, Kabarore, Kayanza, Matongo, Muhanga, Muruta, Rango
Kirundo
Bugabira, Busoni, Bwambarangwe, Gitobe, Kirundo, Ntega, Vumbi.
Makamba
Kayogoro, Kibago, Mabanda, Makamba, Nyanza-Iac, Vugizo.
Muramvya
Bukeye, Kiganda, Mbuye, Muramvya, Rutegama.
Muyinga
Buhinyuza, Butihinda, Gashoho, Gasorwe, Giteranyi, Muyinga, Mwakiro.
Mwaro
Bisoro, Kayokwe, Gisozi, Ndava, Nyabihanga, Rusaka.
Ngozi
Busiga, Gahikanwa, Kiremba, Marangara, Mwumba, Ngozi, Nyamurenza, Ruhororo, Tangara.
Rutana
Bukemba, Giharo, Gitanga, Mpinga-kayove, Musongati, Rutana.
Ruyigi
Butaganzwa, Butezi, Bweru, Gisuru, Kinyinya, Nyabitsinda, Ruyigi.

 

Population


The population of Burundi is currently estimated at around 6,9 million in 2001. It has the highest population density of all Africa-150 inhabitants per square kilometer. The population is however spread very unevenly: the central plateau and the highlands are the most heavily populated and here the density is 295 inhabitants per square kilometer.

 

Population statistics (2001 estimation)

Population 6,9 million
Growth rate 1,9%
Fertility rate 5,9 children born/women
Birth rate 40/1,000
Death rate 18/1,000
Infant mortality 114/1,000
Life expectancy 41,8 years

 

The cultural and linguistic uniformity of the country is one of the most striking features. Kirundi, the national language, is spoken by everyone, while French is the second language and the one generally used by government services.

There are 3 social groups or groups improperly called “ethnic groups”: Hutu (85%), Tutsi (14%) and Twa (1%).

Unlike real ethnic groups, Burundians have spoken one and the same unique language-Kirundi for a long time. They share the same values and live in the same villages. They all live on agriculture combined with livestock. There is no historical or identity reference which distinguishes them. Nevertheless, the Twa are not well integrated into the social order.

Despite the cultural, territorial and administrative unity of the Burundian people, their recent history has been characterized by tribal wars between communities, the height of which was reached in 1972 and 1993. But, one should not be mistaken because the great majority of the population (all the communities together) continue to live together as before on the same hills, they go to church, school, markets, bars and fetch water from the same springs.

 

Religion


The majority of Burundians are Christian (Roman Catholic 62%, Protestant 5%). The rest are Muslim (10%) and indigenous beliefs (23%).

 

Art and culture


A. Language

Situated in the heart of Africa, Burundi is one of the very few African countries possessing linguistic homogeneity. Its people all speak the same national language, Kirundi, the medium of expression of Burundi’s centuries-old cultural heritage. French is the first foreign language, which became an administrative language. English is progressively getting important because of the opening of the country to the business world and the international market. Swahili, a trade language above all, is spoken in the cities and along Tanganika Lake.

B. Poetry and Popular Songs

The culture of Burundi is based mainly on song, poetry, the dance, stories and legends. Poetry is recited at late-night social gatherings; it is centered mostly around pastoral themes. Rich and varied popular songs are rendered at family and communal fêtes and festivals, and are sung during work in the fields.

The shepherds have their own pastoral songs which they sing at the end of the day when leading the animals back from the pastures; and in the home the elders tell the young generation stories and legends relating the life of their ancestors.

C. Arts and handicrafts

The art of Burundi is extremely varied. It is characterized by decorative motifs and geometrical patterns in which the artist’s initial inspiration predominates. This highly stylized art possesses a harmony derived from asymmetry and contrasts that do not clash. It finds expression in wrought iron, wickerwork, pottery, sculpture and bas-reliefs.

dance intoreD. Dancers and drummers

Burundi also boasts a wide variety of popular dances each region having its own speciality.

Gitega, in the centre, has its traditional dancers, named "Batimbo," who perform to the accompaniment of tambourines. These performers have already taken part in international festivals in Washington, Montreal, Berlin, Algiers, Dakar, Munich, Rennes, Tokyo and elsewhere, and have been enthusiastically acclaimed.

Kirundo, located in the north is also the ideal spot for people who love Africa, with its traditional ways and ancestral rhythms, as it is for those who are seeking for silence and peace. Not far from Kirundo lie Kabanga and Mukenke, the cradle of the world famous “ Intore,” troops and dancer-drummers who excel at a surprising and fascinating type of dance. It is also one of the few dance forms in the world where the dancers set the beat for the musicians instead of vice versa.

There are also the Inamukosi and Intore dancers of Muyinga in the North and the Agasimbo dancers of Makamba in the South.

 

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